Common Foot Problems


Hammer Toes (Mallet Toes, Claw Toes)

Hammer toe and mallet toe are foot deformities that occur due to an imbalance in the muscles, tendons or ligaments that normally hold the toe straight. The type of shoes you wear, foot structure, trauma and certain disease processes can contribute to the development of these deformities. A hammertoe has an abnormal bend in the middle joint of a toe. Mallet toe affects the joint nearest the toenail. Hammertoe and mallet toe usually occur in your second, third and fourth toes. Relieving the pain and pressure of hammertoe and mallet toe may involve changing your footwear and wearing shoe inserts. If you have a more severe case of hammertoe or mallet toe, you might need surgery to get relief. 

Products that help with Hammer toe can be found here. North Bay Foot and Ankle Clinic (


Pes Planus (Flat Feet, Low Arch)

Pes Planus (flatfoot) is a condition in which the longitudinal arch in the foot, which runs lengthwise along the sole of the foot, has not developed normally and is lowered or flattened out. One foot or both feet may be affected. 


Pes Cavus (High Arch)

Pes cavus is the presence of an abnormally high arch that can occur in either one or both feet and develop at any age. It results in significant pressure being placed on the ball or heel of the foot when walking or standing. 



A bunion is a bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of your big toe. It occurs when some of the bones in the front part of your foot move out of place. This causes the tip of your big toe to get pulled toward the smaller toes and forces the joint at the base of your big toe to stick out.


Plantar Fasciitis / Heel Spurs

Plantar fasciitis (PLAN-tur fas-e-I-tis) is one of the most common causes of heel pain. It involves inflammation of a thick band of tissue that runs across the bottom of your foot and connects your heel bone to your toes (plantar fascia).

Plantar fasciitis commonly causes stabbing pain that usually occurs with your first steps in the morning. As you get up and move, the pain normally decreases, but it might return after long periods of standing or when you stand up after sitting. 


Morton's Neuroma

Morton's neuroma is a painful condition that affects the ball of your foot, most commonly the area between your third and fourth toes. Morton's neuroma may feel as if you are standing on a pebble in your shoe or on a fold in your sock.

Morton's neuroma involves a thickening of the tissue around one of the nerves leading to your toes. This can cause a sharp, burning pain in the ball of your foot. Your toes also may sting, burn or feel numb.



Metatarsalgia is pain in the ball of the foot. It sometimes spreads to the toes. The ball of the foot is the bottom of the foot, where the toes join the foot. While walking might be very painful, the pain is usually not a sign of a serious or permanent problem. But any pain can affect your life, so it is important that you treat it. Pain in this area can be caused by many things. For example, you may have this pain if you stand or walk a lot or wear tight shoes or high heels.



Edema is swelling caused by excess fluid trapped in your body's tissues. Although edema can affect any part of your body, you may notice it more in your hands, arms, feet, ankles and legs. Swelling of the foot, ankle and leg can be severe enough to leave an indentation (pit) when you press on the area. This swelling (edema) is the result of excess fluid in your tissues. 


Venous Insufficiency / Varicose Vein

Your arteries carry blood from your heart to the rest of your body. Your veins carry blood back to the heart, and valves in the veins stop the blood from flowing backward. When your veins have trouble sending blood from your limbs back to the heart, it’s known as venous insufficiency. In this condition, blood doesn’t flow back properly to the heart, causing blood to pool in the veins in your legs. 



Chilblains are the painful inflammation of small blood vessels in your skin that occur in response to repeated exposure to cold but not freezing air. Also known as pernio, chilblains can cause itching, red patches, swelling and blistering on your hands and feet. Seek medical care to check for complications if the pain is unusually severe, if you suspect an infection, or if your symptoms aren't improving after one to two weeks. If the symptoms extend into the warm season, see a doctor to rule out other conditions. If you have diabetes or poor circulation, healing may be impaired. Be cautious and seek care.


Raynaud's Phenomenon / Disease

Raynaud’s phenomenon is a problem that causes decreased blood flow to the fingers. In some cases, it also causes less blood flow to the ears, toes, nipples, knees, or nose. This happens due to spasms of blood vessels in those areas. The spasms happen in response to cold, stress, or emotional upset. Treatment will depend on your symptoms, your age, and your general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is. There is no cure for Raynaud’s phenomenon, but it can be managed with proper treatment.



Neuropathy is damage or dysfunction of one or more nerves that typically results in numbness, tingling, muscle weakness and pain in the affected area. Neuropathies frequently start in your hands and feet. Neuropathy results when nerve cells, called neurons, are damaged or destroyed. This disrupts the way the neurons communicate with each other and with the brain. Neuropathy can affect one nerve (mononeuropathy) or nerve type, a combination of nerves in a limited area (multifocal neuropathy) or many peripheral nerves throughout the body (polyneuropathy).


Ankle Sprains

A sprained ankle is the stretching or tearing of ankle ligaments, which support the joint by connecting bones to each other. A sprain occurs when your ankle is forced to move out of its normal position, which can cause one or more of the ankle's ligaments to stretch, partially tear or tear completely.


Achilles Tendinitis

Achilles tendinitis is a common condition that occurs when the large tendon that runs down the back of your lower leg becomes irritated and inflamed. Simply defined, tendinitis is inflammation of a tendon. Inflammation is the body's natural response to injury or disease, and often causes swelling, pain, or irritation. The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body. It connects your calf muscles to your heel bone and is used when you walk, run, climb stairs, jump, and stand on your tip toes. Although the Achilles tendon can withstand great stresses from running and jumping, it is also prone to tendinitis, a condition associated with overuse and degeneration. 


Tailor's Bunion

A tailor's bunion, also called a bunionette, is a bony lump that forms along the side of the little toe. It happens when the fifth metatarsal bone enlarges or shifts outward. The fifth metatarsal is the very bottom bone on the little toe. A bunion can be painful, especially if it rubs against your shoe.


Ankle Equinus

Equinus is a condition in which the upward bending motion of the ankle joint is limited. Someone with equinus lacks the flexibility to bring the top of the foot toward the front of the leg. Equinus can occur in one or both feet. When it involves both feet, the limitation of motion is sometimes worse in one foot than in the other. There are several possible causes for the limited range of ankle motion. Often, it is due to tightness in the Achilles tendon or calf muscles (the soleus muscle and/or gastrocnemius muscle). In some patients, this tightness is congenital (present at birth), and sometimes it is an inherited trait. Other patients acquire the tightness from being in a cast, being on crutches or frequently wearing high-heeled shoes. In addition, diabetes can affect the fibers of the Achilles tendon and cause tightness. Sometimes equinus is related to a bone blocking the ankle motion. For example, a fragment of a broken bone following an ankle injury, or bone block, can get in the way and restrict motion. Equinus may also result from one leg being shorter than the other. Less often, equinus is caused by spasms in the calf muscle. 


Haglund's Deformity

Haglund's deformity is a bony bump that appears on the back of the heel bone. This bump forms where the Achilles tendon attaches to the heel. The condition often needs treatment if it causes pain or walking problems. Treatments for Haglund's deformity may initially include shoe modifications and physical therapy.


Shin Splints

The term "shin splints" refers to pain along the shin bone (tibia) — the large bone in the front of your lower leg. Shin splints are common in runners, dancers and military recruits. Medically known as medial tibial stress syndrome, shin splints often occur in athletes who have recently intensified or changed their training routines. The increased activity overworks the muscles, tendons and bone tissue. Most cases of shin splints can be treated with rest, ice and other self-care measures. Wearing proper footwear and modifying your exercise routine can help prevent shin splints from recurring. If you have shin splints, you might notice tenderness, soreness or pain along the inner side of your shinbone and mild swelling in your lower leg. At first, the pain might stop when you stop exercising. Eventually, however, the pain can be continuous and might progress to a stress reaction or stress fracture.


Stress Fractures

Stress fractures are tiny cracks in a bone. They're caused by repetitive force, often from overuse — such as repeatedly jumping up and down or running long distances. Stress fractures can also develop from normal use of a bone that's weakened by a condition such as osteoporosis. Stress fractures are most common in the weight-bearing bones of the lower leg and foot. Track and field athletes and military recruits who carry heavy packs over long distances are at highest risk, but anyone can sustain a stress fracture. If you start a new exercise program, for example, you might develop stress fractures if you do too much too soon.



Foot bursitis is usually the result of an injury or overuse of the feet. Your feet take a lot of stress, especially on hard floors or playing fields. Being overweight also stresses your feet. Foot bursitis often happens from a sudden impact in contact sports or from repetitive impact motions. 


Hallux Limitus / Hallux Rigid (Osteoarthritis of the 1st toe)

Hallux limitus is a condition that affects the hallux, which is the joint where your big toe connects to your foot. It results in limited movement of this joint. People with hallux limitus have limited flexibility in the joint and trouble bending their big toe. The inflexibility leads to pain, especially when walking. As the condition progresses, you can develop bone spurs and arthritis in your big toe, eventually making the toe joint completely rigid. When this happens, the condition is called hallux rigiduc which is osteoarthritis of the 1st toe. 


Verruca Pedis (Plantar's Warts)

A plantar wart, or verruca, is a wart occurring on the bottom of the foot or toes. Their color is typically similar to that of the skin. Small black dots often occur on the surface. One or more may occur in an area. They may result in pain with pressure such that walking is difficult.


Hyperhidrosis (Sweaty Feet)

Excessive sweating of the feet is called hyperhidrosis. It's more common in men than in women, and more common in young adults than older adults. People whose feet sweat excessively often also have problems with excessive sweating of the palms. Excessive sweating of the feet seems to be an inherited problem. No one knows exactly why it occurs, but people who sweat excessively seem to have a different “set point” than other people. Most people sweat when it's hot out, or when they become warm. People with hyperhidrosis sweat excessively almost all the time.

The most obvious symptom of hyperhidrosis is feet that sweat excessively. Some people sweat so much that their feet may slip around inside their shoes. The feet may also have a whitish, wet appearance; sometimes, foot infections are present as well. (Constant wetness breaks down the skin, allowing infection to set in.) Foot odor is common. Those suffering from hyperhidrosis may also experience emotional stress and worry regarding foot odor. Sweat-related anxiety and isolation can be particularly severe among teens with plantar hyperhidrosis. 


Anhidrosis (Dry Feet)

Anhidrosis is the term used to describe dry feet. Skin on feet are naturally dry, unlike elsewhere on the body skin on the feet do not have oil glands so relies on sweat glands to keep feet moisturised. Dry skin can cause cracking, dry patches and itchiness. Dry skin can be caused by: excessively hot baths / showers, weather conditions, open backed shoes, some medical conditions. 


Heel Fissures / Cracks

Heel fissures are cracks or divides in the skin over your heels. Sometimes these are an uncomfortable nuisance because they cause thick layers of dead skin cells to build up. Other times they can be potential triggers for painful, dangerous infections and skin damage. If you have heel fissures, there are treatments you can try as well as preventive methods to keep your skin soft.



Corns are hard, thickened areas of skin that typically occur on the feet. They're similar to a callus, but are usually harder, smaller, and more painful. Corns aren't dangerous, but they can cause irritation. 



A callus is an area of thickened skin that forms as a response to repeated friction, pressure, or other irritation. Since repeated contact is required, calluses are most often found on the feet and hands, but they may occur anywhere on the skin. Some degree of callus, such as on the bottom of the foot, is normal. Although calluses can occur anywhere on the body as a reaction to moderate, constant "grinding" pressure, they are most often found on the foot (where the most pressure and friction are applied). On the feet, arguably the source of the most problematic calluses, they typically form on the metatarsal-phalangeal joint area ("balls of the foot"), heels and small toes due to the compression applied by tightly fitting shoes.



A mixture of friction and pressure causes a majority of blisters on the feet. When the skin of the feet is continually rubbed against a shoe, sock, or rough surface, irritation and inflammation often occur. The result is pain, swelling, and redness. A red sore will usually develop on the foot before the blister itself.



Foot fungus is a skin infection caused by mold-like germs that live in dead cells on your skin, hair, and nails. There are more than 80 types of fungi on your feet. That's more than on other parts of the body, even the palms of your hands. But while some of these fungi may get a bad rap, most aren’t harmful. Athlete’s foot is the most common type of foot fungus. Up to 25% of people will get this itchy, even painful infection at some point. It usually grows between the toes but can spread to the soles and toenails. If you scratch your foot and then touch other parts of your body, like your armpits or groin, it can spread there, too. 



Your feet are prime targets for eczema triggers like dry winter air or hot summer days. And flares on your fingers and toes can be itchy and painful. So give these parts of you a little extra TLC. Are your feet often dry and itchy? Your socks may be to blame. Synthetic fabrics and wool can irritate your skin. For everyday wear, choose 100% cotton socks, preferably ones that have not been dyed. Also, change your socks a couple of times during the day if your feet sweat. Damp socks can make eczema worse.



Psoriasis typically causes a scaly, red rash that can appear almost anywhere on a person’s body, including the feet. Psoriasis on the feet can be painful and challenging to treat. Psoriasis can't be passed from person to person. 


Contact Dermatitis

If you experience contact dermatitis on your feet, symptoms may include redness, itchiness, a patchy or scaly rash, dry and cracked skin, bumps and blisters, swelling, burning, and/or tenderness. In some cases, Contact dermatitis may be a reaction to chemicals and materials commonly used in footwear. 


Nail Care

Nail care is essential throughout our lives, and with time, it may be more difficult to cut your own nails. Arthritis, diabetes, and pregnancy are just some of the reasons to see a chiropodist for nail care.

Why see an Advanced Foot Care Nurse or Chiropodist for Nail Care? We work with very high standards of infection control, similar to those of hospitals. All treatments will be performed with steam-sterilized instruments to ensure that there are no contaminants. Our practitioners are equipped with the skills and sterile tools, to help provide the care that’s right for you.


Corn / Callus Removal

Corns and calluses are thick layers of skin that develop when your skin tries to protect itself against friction and pressure forces. They most often develop on the bottom of the feet and toes. Corns and calluses can be unsightly, and may be very painful. They may create pressure sores on the bottom of your feet that can turn into ulcers. In some instances, soft corns may develop between the toes, and can cause extreme discomfort. Our Foot Specialists may pare down the lesion and remove the corn using a scalpel. Do not attempt this yourself as it can lead to infection.

Compression Stockings

Compression stockings are specialized hosiery designed to help prevent the occurrence of, and guard against further progression of, venous disorders such as edema, Phlebitis and thrombosis. Compression therapy helps decrease venous pressure, prevents venous stasis and impairments of venous walls, and relieves heavy and aching legs.

Treatment is usually prescribed by a physician to relieve all manifestations of chronic venous disease and prevent venous troubles. Compression stockings are recommended under the following conditions.

  • Edema
  • Chronic venous insufficiency
  • Varicose veins
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Lymphedema
  • Phlebitis
  • Pregnancy

Compression classes

Compression stockings are offered in different levels of compression. Over the counter support is available in 10-15 mmHg or 15-20 mmHg.

Higher pressure stockings require prescription and a trained fitter. Higher pressure stockings range from 20-30 mmHg to 50+ mmHg.


We order our compression stockings from Valco and Simcan depending on the level of compression required. 

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3D Printed Custom Orthotics

The team at North Bay Foot and Ankle Clinic are at the cutting edge of new technology and products that will give our patients the best results possible, so they can live an active and healthy lifestyle.

As part of our commitment to innovation, our clinic offers FitStation powered by HP, which combines 3D foot scanning with dynamic gait analysis to enable both orthotic recommendations and 3D printed custom orthotic. The team at North Bay Foot and Ankle Clinic will analyze your findings and prescribe a 3D printed custom orthotic just for you.

The lattice-design of the 3D printed custom orthotic is superior in every way because they are lightweight and comfortable while helping to correct the biomechanical problems that lead to pain and discomfort.

  • A 3D printed custom orthotic allows your foot specialist to design a device that has more precision and comfort than ever before.
  • For areas of your foot where more biomechanical control is needed, the 3D printer fills the lattice-spaces without making the orthotic thicker or heavier.
  • Other segments of the foot may require more, or less, support and flexibility. 3D printing can achieve all of this through more or less filling of the lattice-framework without the bulkiness or other custom orthotic
  • Our 3D printed orthotics are thin and lightweight, so they will fit in most of your footwear.
  • By wearing your 3D printed custom orthotic as prescribed, you will be pain free faster!

About 3D Printing

3D printing, also called additive manufacturing, is known to be very precise, and therefore, more reliable than error prone manual manufacturing, which has dominated the custom orthotic industry since the 1950s. Unfortunately, 3-D printing custom orthotic had not been an option due to slow printing speeds and materials that lacked accuracy, durability and comfort.

HP Inc. broke through those barriers through the introduction of a revolutionary Multi Jet Fusion 3D printer, patented bio-compatible nylon printing powder and lattice-design that offers unprecedented comfort and control, while maintaining a thin profile that will fit in most shoes.

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Diabetic Foot Care

For people with diabetes, having too much glucose (sugar) in their blood for a long time can cause some serious complications including foot problems. As a person with diabetes, you are more vulnerable to foot problems, as diabetes can damage your nerves and reduce blood flow to your feet. Our G-Pulse machine can aid with this. Our clinic provides a thorough diabetic assessment as well as ongoing routine checkups to maintain excellent foot health.

Diabetes foot care health tips

  • Wash your feet daily with mild soap in lukewarm water
  • Pat to dry, do not rub
  • Apply cream once feet are dry

Examine your feet each day

  • Examine the tops and bottoms of your feet for any sores or debris. If you cannot examine them yourself have someone examine them for you.
  • Check for any cracks and dry skin.
  • Look for cuts, scratches, blisters, or any other sores.
  • Check for ingrown toenails, corns, and calluses.

Protect your feet with proper footwear and socks

  • Never go bare foot. Always protect your feet by wearing shoes or hard-soled slippers or footwear.
  • Look and feel inside your shoes before putting them on to make sure there are no foreign objects or rough areas.
  • Avoid tight fitting socks.
  • Wear natural-fiber socks such as wool or cotton.
  • Change socks daily.
  • Wear shoes or boots that will protect your feet from various weather conditions such as the cold and moisture.
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Shoe therapy

Shoes are often an essential part in treating foot and ankle complaints and are very often the cause. Not all feet are the same, and the same goes for footwear. At your visit we thoroughly evaluate your shoes and how they are relating to your symptoms, foot shape, gait, weight, lifestyle, and overall biomechanical function.

How we can evaluate your shoes

Our Foot Specialist will assess your current shoe but will also ask you what you intend to do in the shoe. Things to think about are temperature, insulation or breathability, grip, non-slip, surface area, performance. Also, what will you be doing in the shoe?  Example: Sports? Is so what kind: Running (roadside, treadmill, distance) and on what kind of terrain (rough, concrete).

We will review your foot mechanics and pair it with mechanical features offered in shoes to support your needs. What type of movements you are currently doing, lateral, motion, jumping, stop, start etc..

We would be happy to assess your footwear and recommend what shoes to purchase to help your feet and accommodate orthotics if you wear them.

Shoe fitting tips

  • Measurements should be taken while standing with a slight bend in the knee.
  • Always measure both feet.
  • Try shoes on with socks that you wear all the time.
  • The counter around the heel should be snug.
  • Do not worry about the “size” of the shoe, worry about the fit.
  • The longest toe should be finger nails length from the end of the toe box.
  • Do not purchase a shoe that is too tight. It will NOT stretch to fit your foot.
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Gait Analysis & Biomechanics

Your feet and ankles are complex load-bearing structures with many interconnected moving parts. Gait analysis is critical to determine underlying cause of most foot and lower extremity conditions. Many problems can be treated most effectively by addressing mechanical function. Biomechanical care may include orthotic devices, shoes, shoe modifications or changes, stretches, physical therapy, and other modalities.

Evaluating how you walk

Most foot problems occur because of improper function of the foot during gait. Analyzing how your feet and legs function when you walk can provide us crucial information when designing a proper treatment plan to help make your feet feel and function better.

Abnormal gait biomechanics can cause foot problems such as arch pain, heel pain, and bunions. Alterations in foot function can also lead to problems with your knees, hips and back.

Some items we look for when performing a gait analysis include:

  • How hard do your feet hit the ground? If your feet hit the ground excessively hard the increased shock can damage tissue. If this is the case, additional cushioning under the heels or the ball of the foot may be needed.
  • Are your feet functioning symmetrically? If one foot rolls in more than the other that puts abnormal strain on the pelvis and back which can lead to lower back pain among many other conditions.
  • Does one leg appear to be longer than the other? Limb length discrepancies can lead to a number of lower extremity problems.
    Watching you walk – gait analysis

First, we simply watch you walk. Most significant gait abnormalities can be identified with simple visual analysis. We understand how feet should function. While watching you walk we are also paying close attention to the areas of the feet that are causing you discomfort.

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Nail Conditions & Calluses

Toe Nail Conditions

  • Onychocryptosis (Ingrown Nails)
  • Onychauxic (Thick Nails)
  • Fungal Nails
  • Involuted (nails that curl into the skin.)

What Really Causes Thick and Ugly Toenails?  Nail Fungus vs. Nail Dystrophy

There are two primary causes of thick toenails. The first is nail fungus and the second is a condition called nail dystrophy. Nail dystrophy is a thickening of the nails caused by repeated micro-trauma to the nail, for example from the nail hitting the top of the shoe over many years. The most common causes of thick, yellowed and ugly nails include:

  • Nail fungus
  • Trauma to the nail
  • Shoe pressure on the nail
  • Poor circulation
  • Some disease conditions (psoriatic arthritis is one illness that can cause nail changes)


Calluses are the skins response to excessive pressure and for on areas of the skin that overtime take on too much pressure. Corns generally occur at pressure points, typically the bottoms of feet and the sides of toes; left untreated they can become quite painful.

How do we reduce calluses and corns?

Gentle debriding using a painless skilled sterile scalpel technique removes calluses and painful corns. Then a thorough pressure analysis or biomechanical assessment is done in order to determine the cause of the corn such that a treatment plan can be implemented to stop the pressured thickened skin from returning.

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Pediatric Assessment

It’s not normal for kids to complain of foot pain!

Children’s feet have a unique development pattern and function. Unlike teeth and eyes, foot health in kids is often neglected. This can lead to problems not only in the feet, but in the legs and back.

Contact us for an appointment at the North Bay Foot and Ankle Clinic if you notice any of the following:

  • Your child complains of pain in their feet, ankles, or legs
  • Your child is constantly tripping and falling
  • Uneven shoe wear
  • Your child has a gait or foot position when walking that you think is unusual
  • You notice any skin rashes, hard skin, lumps, or bumps on the feet
  • When should you have your child’s feet and gait checked?

When your child begins to walk (12 months)

  • Age 3 ( this is when children develop a more adult “heel-to-toe” gait)
  • Age 5 (when starting school)
  • When beginning organized sports
  • What is included in a kids foot check-up?

We will check every aspect of your child’s foot health, walking pattern, and footwear. Please bring in your child’s footwear to make the most out of your appointment.

  • Examination of joints and leg of lower extremities
  • Compare growth and development to normal for your child’s age
  • Evaluate gait and walking pattern
  • Go through family history of foot problems such as, flat feet, high arches, bunions, and much more
  • Check skin and nail condition
  • Evaluation of muscle function
  • Evaluate child’s footwear
  • Chiropodist Stephanie Poupore not only specialized in Podopediatrics but is great with kids and looks forward to making sure that your child’s feet and ankles are developing normally to prevent future problems. Contact us at the North Bay Foot and Ankle Clinic today to make your child’s future a step in the right direction.
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Ingrown Nail Surgery

Ingrown toenails occur when the corners or sides of the toenail dig into the skin. Some ingrown toenails can become red, swollen, or infected. Reoccurring ingrown toenails can be treated by surgically removing the offending piece. This is done by freezing the toe with an anesthetic, removing the offending piece, ablating the area with 90% Phenol and Carbon Dioxide Laser to prevent regrowth.

Podofix Nail Brace

Podofix nail brace is a gentle alternative for correcting malformed nails. It helps deformed nails to grow naturally. This method could help avoid surgery and discomfort is relieved quickly.

How the Podofix nail brace works:

The Podofix nail brace is shaped to the curve of the offending nail and adhered by glue to the base of the nail. Tension is then applied by tightening the wire embedded in the plastic pad of the brace. This wire will evenly distribute tension over the surface of the nail. After the brace is adhered and wire tightened the notch in the plastic is filled with gel to ensure a smooth brace. The nail brace is left intact for 6 to 10 weeks correcting the nail as it is growing out.


The G-Pulse machine is used to increase blood supply and oxygen to the body by using a pulsating Magnetic field therapy and magnetic bio stimulation and IR laser light beams. When using the combination of magnetic stimulation and laser it is great for diabetic neuropathy, wound healing, lymphedema, acute and chronic inflammation. 

How G-Pulse Works:

The number and duration of treatments will vary according to the indication. In the case of acute disease, the duration of the therapy is mostly shorter and less frequent.

Treatment may make symptoms worse after first 1-3 treatments because chronic conditions are brought to an acute stage, the “reactive phase”. This period is a sign that the body is reacting to the treatments as well as a sign that regeneration is beginning. After this period, the long-term healing effect begins, and there should be improvement, along with a decrease in pain.

Pedique - Cosmetic Toenail Replacement

The Pedique toenail replacement is a cosmetic improvement to damaged and unsightly toenails. It could also be described as a prosthetic nail replacement or gel nail. The specially designed gel is specifically for use on toe nails and is an acrylester (not an acrylic) bonded permanently to the exposed nail where it usually remains until it grows out. This can last from between 2 months and an average of 6 months. It usually requires some shaping and tidying over time depending on how the nail underneath grows and moves the pedique.

The pedique nail is non-toxic, non-absorbent, slightly flexible (so it is less likely to crack in shoes) and shaped to fit your nail. This is in contrast to the nail wraps or acrylics that are glued or bonded to the nails in salons which can be too brittle or damage the nail. They can also allow moisture between the layers of nail causing damage. The pedique has antifungal properties so inhibits any growth.

This treatment can be applied to any nail condition provided there is a nail to attach to – loosely attached or lifted nails, damaged nails and thick or fungal nails that don’t grow fully or are deformed are transformed with the pedique nail replacement.

It takes 15-45 minutes to prepare the old nail and apply the pedique and it is ready for varnishing immediately. The nail is hard and set before you leave.

Genesis Laser for Nail Fungus

The Genesis Plus Laser is a new, minimally invasive method for treating toenail fungus. Two short treatment sessions spaced six weeks apart are typically sufficient for treating toenail fungus.

Who can be treated with the Genesis Plus Laser?

The Genesis Plus Laser is safe for nearly everyone, including diabetic patients, seeking solution for toenail fungus. This treatment method is much safer than the once-popular oral antifungal medications.

How soon are results noticeable?

Many patients begin noticing slight results after their first genesis plus laser treatment and report full results within three to six months. It is important to understand that everyone heals at a different rate, so each patient’s results may vary.

To determine whether you are a candidate for The Genesis Plus Laser please book an appointment with us at The North Bay Foot and Ankle Clinic.